ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
After implementation of ISO 9000 series standards which describe the quality management system model, it became clear, that, PDCA Cycle (Plan-Do-Check-Act) may be applied to environmental management systems as well. Since the 1970s, more and more attention all over the world appears to be given to significance of society’s impact on environment. In 1992, British Standards Institution introduced the national environmental management standard BS 7750, as a basis for development of an international standard. The first version of the international standard ISO 14001 was published in 1996.
In 2004, the new version of ISO 14001 standard was published. ISO 14001 does not provide specific technological approaches and methods for environmental impact management, does not suggest particular environmental indicators, it determines general requirements for environment management systems.
The purpose of ISO 14001 is to ensure basis for complex strategic approach to the organization’s environment protection policy, organization’s plans and actions.
Environmental management system can be certified for compliance with ISO 14001 requirements.
Although this certification is voluntary, such assessment of environmental management system by independent, third party may be requested by consumers.
Main requirements of ISO 14001:2004 may be grouped as follows:
Requirements of ISO 14001 can be implemented in addition to the requirements of ISO 9001, OHSAS 18001 and requirements of other standards. At present, there is a tendency of management systems integration. Russian Register provides integrated management system certification for conformity to several standards at once – this will allow decrease and optimization of certification costs and receiving a more complex management system assessment. ISO 14001 standard is applied to nearly every organization, including organizations of the public sector of economy. Recently, the requirements of the standard have been increasingly implemented not only in industrial, transport, construction organizations, but also in service sector organizations – including organizations, whose activity is based on office work only.
Benefits of implementing an environmental management system depend on whether organization affects environment directly or indirectly, but usually the following benefits are pointed out:
Certification of environmental management system in Russian Register, allows You to obtain:
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